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Plant Transformation and Genome Editing

Plant transformation and genome editing are two major areas in modern agriculture.

The two main methods for plant transformation currently are Agrobacterium-mediated and biolistic-mediated transformation, which can be expensive, imprecise, limited to specific species and damaging to plant cells.

Our technology can achieve the same transient results in a large range of crop and horticultural species without damage to cells and at a fraction of the cost.

Genome editing, such as CRISPR/Cas9, is a very useful technology that has led to many beneficial traits being enhanced in crop species, which is especially useful when tackling issues like climate change.

Carbon nanodots are capable of transporting genome editing molecules into mature and immature plants cells efficiently, easily, and at a very low cost. 


Green Fluorescent Protein expression in transformed wheat leaf cells.


Carbon nanodot-treated wheat (Triticum aestivum Apogee) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum 'Moneymaker') plants.

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